What are the Different Types of Security Cameras?

Whether it’s for your home or your business, selecting a security camera might seem like it would be a pretty simple and straightforward process. However, when it comes down to it, it isn’t as easy as it appears. Types of security cameras range from indoor and outdoor, to thermal and low-light, as well as commercial and residential (home security cameras), to wireless and wired cameras. As you can see, there are many different options and types of security cameras. How do you know which security system will best meet your needs?

What are the Different Types of Security Cameras?

In order to choose the best security system or CCTV camera to look over your home or business, you must first understand the different kinds of security cameras that are available. To get you started on the right path, here’s an overview of some of the most popular security cameras currently on the market.

Day/Night Security Cameras

If you want a security camera system that can keep a watchful eye over your property while the sun is up and down, day/night cameras are a great choice. Day and night security cameras are designed to scan, assess, and display clear images in both bright and low-light conditions. These types of security cameras are outfitted with IR filters, which automatically go into effect when the light gets low and shut off when conditions get brighter. These types of cameras can be used both indoors and outdoors.

Bullet Cameras

A security camera, lens, and housing combo, this type of security camera, as the name suggests, features a bullet-style design, giving it a smaller footprint. The bullet camera is the most commonly used security camera in both residential and commercial applications. Typically, bullet cameras are placed at both entry and exit points. As such, they’re easily identifiable, making them an effective deterrent for would-be-trespassers.

Equipped with IR illuminators, bullet security cameras are a great choice in low-light settings. That said, however, bullet cameras only offer a fixed view, which means that you’ll need to install multiple cameras in order to increase your viewing area. Bullet cameras feature a sealed enclosure, so they’re low-maintenance, can withstand harsh conditions, and are equipped with technologies that minimize glare. Because bullet cameras can be installed on indoor and outdoor ceilings and walls, a variety of applications are possible.

Thermal Cameras

If surveillance in poorly lit or harsh locations is your goal, a thermal camera is a great choice. This type of security camera utilizes thermal imaging/heat sensing technologies. This helps to identify individuals and items in all types of conditions, such as haze, fog, smoke, and even total darkness.

Dome Cameras

Dome cameras have a modern look as well as a low profile and are typically ceiling-mounted. As such, they provide unobtrusive surveillance. Commonly used in indoor settings, such as retail establishments and offices, the general public is familiar with this type of security camera.

Dome security cameras are easy to install and they have a wide view angle, which further adds to their appeal. Since the dome-shaped security camera is enclosed, it’s shielded from dirt, dust, and debris, making it an ideal choice in environments where dirt and other debris tend to be problematic. Dome cameras have vandal-resistant housing options, as well as heat, motion sensors, and night vision technology.

Motion Detector

As the name indicates, this type of security camera turns on when it detects motion. As soon as the security camera senses activity, it will automatically turn on. The camera will then start recording, transmitting the data it records, and alert you to suspicious activity. Motion detector security cameras can save you a lot of video storage space, as well as time. Motion detector security cameras save you from having to rewind through hours of recorded footage to assess suspicious activity.

Additional Reading: How To Shop for a Home Security System and Avoid Scams – FTC.gov

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